The brown looking trees in the middle of the frame have almost no leaves left.
I talked with the City of Ann Arbor's Urban Forest Planner, Kerry Gray, and looked at the trees. She noticed that a lot of the caterpillars had been infected with Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus (NPV) or Entomophaga Maimaiga (EM.) These two infections should keep the infestation of gypsy moths from getting out of control.
Zombie caterpillars is a fanciful description of the behavior of Lymantria dispar dispar infected with NPV. National Geographic described the gruesome effect of NPV; "The virus forces the "zombie" caterpillars to climb trees, where the invader eventually liquefies its hosts' bodies into a dripping goo." Many news sources also reported the zombie-like effect of the caterpillar, stemming from the virus's ability to hijack the behavior and liquefy the caterpillar in order to spread the infection.
The fungus Entomophaga Maimaiga (EM) is an introduced pathogen of Gypsy Moths. That causes the caterpillars to turn rock hard and hang from the tree in a head-down posture.
Here you can see dead caterpillars hanging in both positions.
An oak with hundreds of dead caterpillars on the trunk.
This tree has a few more gypsy moths.
Kerry said that the trees will likely push out new leaves and should be okay. The only caveat would be if we have another extremely dry summer. In that case, we might have to water these trees in order to keep them as healthy as possible.
Looking up at the canopy of one of the oak along #9 tee.
This is all that is left of the leaves.